What is Multiple Sclerosis? Your Common Questions Answered

What is Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an incredibly common condition affecting many people globally, yet many of us don’t quite understand the disease and the symptoms it can trigger. Despite how complicated it can seem, and how daunting a diagnosis can be, it’s important to understand how multiple sclerosis works and how it may affect us or a loved one dealing with the condition. Read on as we provide insight into the basics of how this disease functions, and the treatment options available for those struggling to manage symptoms.

This blog will answer some of the common questions about the basics of multiple sclerosis and possible treatment. If you’re looking for rehabilitation options due to MS, contact the MetroRehab team today.

What is MS?

Multiple sclerosis (commonly referred to as MS) is a chronic condition that effects the central nervous system. Essentially, damage done to the healthy tissue within the nervous system interferes with the transmission of nerve signals between the brain, spinal cord, and the body as a whole.

This disrupt between the key areas of the nervous system can have a wide variety of effects on the overall health of an MS patient. As lesions develop across the brain and spinal cord, the condition can play out differently for every patient. Ultimately, multiple sclerosis is best described as a disease that weakens the central nervous system and damages neurological function.

What are the symptoms of MS?

No two cases of multiple sclerosis are exactly the same. Every single patient will experience the condition differently. Depending on which part of the central nervous system is affected and the degree of the disease, a wide array of symptoms. MS can be unpredictable, and can often come in ‘waves’ of symptoms that may strike at unexpected times. Here are a few of the most common symptoms faced by somebody battling MS:

  • Motor Control (spasms, weakened muscles, poor continence control, difficulty with coordination, balance, and movement)
  • Fatigue (exhaustion, weakness, low energy)
  • Neuropsychological changes (depression, memory loss, cognitive issues)
  • Neurological changes (poor vision, uncontrolled eye movements, vertigo, pins and needles)

Who can get MS?

Anybody can be affected by multiple sclerosis. In Australia alone, over 25,600 people suffer from the condition, whilst the global number of people diagnosed extends to over two million. The primary demographic for people diagnosed with MS is between the ages of 20 and 40, though many people both younger and older can be affected. The rate of women who are affected by MS is approximately three times that of men.

The specific cause of multiple sclerosis is currently unknown. Anybody may find themselves faced with a diagnosis. As research continues into the factors that may be influencing diagnoses, particular focus is put into how genetic predisposition, the immune system, and viruses play a role in why people may develop the condition.

What are common MS treatments?

There is no current cure for multiple sclerosis. There is, however, treatment options available that can help both manage symptoms and rehabilitate the effects from attacks or lapses. There are medications available to limit further damage to the central nervous system and prevent relapse, and rehabilitation is a great way to manage MS symptoms and improve overall physical wellbeing.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Rehabilitation can take a variety of forms. Whether you’re aiming to improve cognitive ability, build motor functions, or seeking to minimise attacks and relapses, there are great neurological programs designed to facilitate recovery and long-term management for people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

Enquire today for MS rehabilitation services

If you’ve been diagnosed with MS, it’s important to know that there are services available to help you with your condition. The team at MetroRehab have a variety of physical therapy and neurological rehabilitation programs that can help you on the path to recovery – whether multiple sclerosis has left you with difficult symptoms or whether you’re looking for long-term strategies.

To find out how we can be helping you, reach out today to get a comprehensive assessment and start creating the perfect rehabilitation plan tailored to your every need.

To learn more about Multiple Sclerosis treatment or to book an appointment, call our friendly team today on 02 8585 4900.

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